Peru, climate change and non-communicable diseases: ¿Where are we and where are we headed? [Perú, cambio climático y enfermedades no trasmisibles: ¿Dónde estamos y a dónde vamos?]
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The world is facing a crisis of noncommunicable diseases alongside a state of climate volatility. Of the total health burden attributable to climate change, 99% will be assumed by developing countries. In light of climate change, Peru’s best opportunity is to create mitigation and adaptation policies focused on developing health co-benefits, which will improve the state of noncommunicable diseases and the climate system. This article presents Peru’s compromises in terms of mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions; identifies public health opportunities for Peru under the Paris Agreement signed in the 21st Conference of the Parties (COP21); and makes recommendations for evidence and policy generation for the National Academy of Medicine and the Peruvian government. © 2016, Instituto Nacional de Salud. All Rights Reserved.